Oops – you’ve stumbled on a website section that was archived in October 2017 when we developed the ‘Best Places to see Scotland’s Geology’ section. Please go there for up-to-date information.
Scotland has world-class geodiversity that underpins our landscape, biodiversity and culture. There is simply no other country of comparable size in the world with such diversity in rock types, ages and landscapes. Scotland can also rightfully claim to be birthplace of the geological sciences, through the work of James Hutton in the late-18th century and many other subsequent advances in our understanding of how the Earth works and life evolved.
The classic geodiversity sites on this page are locations in Scotland of great importance for the development of geological science, that are associated with famous geologists and which together tell a great story of the development of our bit of the Earth’s crust. Most of these are freely accessible to visit, to delve deep into Scotland’s past; please be aware though that at some sites there may not actually be very much for the average visitor to see and understand. Visit the Where to go map to see all the sites and attractions in Scotland that have trails and explanations.
Arran (Hutton’s Unconformity and Judd’s Dykes)
Lesmahagow (fossil fish localities)
The South end of Loch Lomond (geomorphology)
Callander (Highland Boundary Fault)
Edinburgh (Hutton’s Section & Hutton’s Rock, Salisbury Crags and Agassiz Rock)
Grampian & Argyll
Sands of Forvie
West coast of Jura
Elgin (Scaat Craig, Cutties Hillock and Spey Bay)
Bow Fiddle Rock, Portknockie
Sea of Stones, Binn of Garmouth